Seven killer diseases under the microscope - KILLER DISEASES
Bacilli, viruses, bacteria… Since time immemorial, humankind has been combatting enemies as microscopic as they are dangerous. Antibiotic resistance, measles, HIV/AIDS, hepatitis C, tuberculosis, Ebola and malaria: seven killer diseases under the microscope.
What if antibiotics didn’t work anymore? A simple cut could prove fatal. Antibiotic resistance is a major public health issue. What can be done?
Measles was already known in the 10th century, but it would take until 1963 for a vaccine to be developed. There are still no drugs to treat this viral disease.
The advent of antiretrovirals has helped to slow down the spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, but research has yet to come up with a long-awaited vaccine.
Hepatitis C affects 150 million of the world’s population. Effective in 90% of cases, recently developed drugs are still all too often inaccessible due to their prohibitive cost.
One of the most deadly infectious diseases, tuberculosis killed 1.5 million people in 2014. Drug-resistant forms pose whole new challenges.
As witnessed during the epidemic that broke out in West Africa in 2014, highly contagious hemorrhagic fever Ebola often proves fatal.
Although malaria is as old as the world itself, it continues to kill over 500,000 people annually. The future looks grim as resistance to commonly used treatments gains ground.